What element joins iron to become steel?
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon that is widely used in construction and other applications because of its hardness and strength. To make steel, iron ore is heated and melted in furnaces where the impurities are removed and is carbon added. The carbon content of steel is between 0.08 to 1.5 percent. Steel is one of the most widely used metals in the world. It’s cheap, strong and incredibly versatile. With worldwide production at more than 1.3 billion tons per year, steel is the second most mass-produced commodity behind cement.
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